Medical care is the medical care of a human being through diagnosis, prevention, treatment, cure, or recovery of illness, disease, injury, or other physical and mental disabilities in individuals. Medical care is typically delivered by specialized health care practitioners and related health fields. Physicians generally practice in a hospital or other medical facility. They may be part of an established hospital staff or employed by a specialty clinic. Other health care providers, such as nurses and surgeons, practice in individual private practices. Most medical professionals are trained to provide basic first aid and diagnostic care; for more serious conditions, they receive additional training, such as specialized training for diagnosis and treatment of specific illnesses.
The field of medical care is global one. There are many areas of specialization in various countries. In India, for example, doctors and nurses specialize in the field of general surgery, while doctors and nurses specializing in cardiology focus on diseases of the heart. Specific health conditions affecting men generally require special attention, while women have additional options when it comes to their specialized needs. Some of the more common specialized treatment fields include:
Pediatric Medical Care: This refers to the treatment of infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatric healthcare involves prenatal and neonatal care, including assessment and treatment of birth defects. Healthcare professionals in this field are responsible for evaluating and treating children who suffer from birth injuries and diseases. The Pediatric Healthcare Research Unit is a prime example of pediatrics research. This is one of the important wings of the National Institutes of Health in the United States.
Emergency Medical Care: This term refers to professional emergency medical care for trauma victims, patients suffering from certain conditions, and those who have been injured or killed in accidents. Emergency medical care can include cardiology, oncology, neurology, and surgery. Emergency medical care can also be included in the field of maternal health, newborn, neonatology, and pediatric. As well, there are other branches that focus on specific illnesses or medical conditions that can make people eligible for emergency medical care.
Cardiology: Also known as cardiovascular medicine, cardiology deals with the diseases of the heart as well as the arteries supplying blood to the heart. A.M.D. graduates can specialize in one of several subspecialties within cardiology. Chief cardiac specialist, cardiac technologists, and cardiac surgeons are examples of some of the more popular subspecialties of cardiology. Cardiologists can complete a four-year degree program that includes coursework in anatomy, nutrition, physiology, pharmacology, and administration.
Street Health: This refers to professional assistance provided by healthcare professionals to the homeless people. The goal of this sector is to assist the homeless improve their overall health and prevent disease before it becomes serious. Some elements of this sector deal with helping the homeless get access to hygiene, shelter, safety, and food. There are also organizations that provide health care services to the homeless people and teach them how to live on their own. Other elements of the street medicine include conducting home visits, offering hygiene and nutrition services, and educating the public about health risks and diseases.
Mental Health: Mental health refers to well-being that affects an individual’s emotions and mental states. This encompasses a broad range of issues such as anxiety, self-image, depression, fear, stress, and adjustment disorders. A.M.D. graduates can offer primary medical care services to the homeless people and secondary medical care services to the mentally ill. Some of the homeless services provided by mental health care professionals include assessing mental health needs and developing appropriate programs for treating the mentally ill.
Medical care includes a number of interventions aimed at prevention of diseases. Preventive medical care includes vaccination, examination, screening, and treatment for common illnesses such as influenza, measles, mumps, and chickenpox. Healthcare costs have grown substantially in the United States. In such a scenario, medical education, advanced practice management, patient education, and research are becoming important components of preventive medical care. Primary medical care is offered by some hospitals to promote quality and prevent illness.